Transmission of the exact time with which to start

Initial attack and breathing, to be more precise: the intake of breath , are two elements which cannot be ignored and are strictly linked together.

After all, breathing is the main driving force of the attack and the first stage – the upward movement – could be considered its visualization.


The changing of length in the breathing is proportional to the changing of speed in the movement: the shorter the breathing the quicker the gesture.

We often use one or two empty gestures in the seconds immediately preceding the attack, which is certainly a help and makes the orchestra feel at ease; but you must know that all the attacks, even the more complex ones, in theory and in practice these can be given directly with no need for this expedient.

To explain the importance of breathing during the initial attack, observe the following attacks given only with breathinG

We often use one or two empty gestures in the seconds  immediately preceding the attack, which is certainly a help  and makes the orchestra feel at ease; but you must know that all the attacks, even the more complex ones, in theory and in practice these can be given directly with no need for this expedient.